Diet after Kidney Transplantation

Before your kidney transplant you may have been following a special diet e.g. low potassium diet on haemodialysis or a high protein diet on peritoneal dialysis. Once you have had the transplant and the kidney is functioning well these diets should no longer be necessary, although a low potassium diet may be required for a short time following the transplant.

Healthy Eating

Steroid treatment can cause undesirable weight gain. Also cholesterol and triglycerides can become raised in the blood. This can increase the risk of coronary heart disease.

Following healthy eating guidelines can help. The principles of a healthy diet are:

  • Reduced dietary fat intake particularly saturated animal fat.
  • Less sugar and sugar containing foods and drinks.
  • More fibre rich foods.
  • Less salt.
  • Limiting alcohol to a safe level.
  • Plenty of fruit and vegetables.
  • The dietitian will give you individual advice regarding this following your transplant.

    Food safety

    Food safety is much more important following the transplant. The immunosuppressant drugs that you will be required to take (cyclosporin - ‘Neoral’ or tacrolimus – ‘Prograf’) make it more likely for you to contract a food poisoning bug. Your dietitian will advise about safe food handling and storage practices and which foods could contain the listeria and salmonella bug.


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